Gum Disease Pictures: What do Healthy Gums Look Like? (2022)

Periodontal Disease Pictures

If you suspect you have gum disease and are experiencing some of its symptoms such as sore gums, it may help to compare your gums to the pictures of healthy gums and gum disease below, from gingivitis to advanced periodontitis. If your gums look like they’re in the early stages of gum disease, bring it to the attention of your dentist and hygienist at your next visit.

Gum Disease Pictures: What do Healthy Gums Look Like? (1)

Gingivitis

The most common way to identify gingivitis is to look for gum inflammation and bleeding.

Early Periodontitis Pictures

During the early stages of periodontitis, symptoms include noticeably receding gum and pockets between gums and teeth.

Gum Disease Pictures: What do Healthy Gums Look Like? (2)

Gum Disease Pictures: What do Healthy Gums Look Like? (3)

Advanced Periodontitis

As periodontitis progresses, tissue and bone that support teeth are lost, causing loose teeth.

(Video) What healthy gums look like

Healthy Gums vs. Unhealthy Gums

If you have healthy gums, they will look firm and pink. Some signs of unhealthy gums include redness and swelling, gums that bleed when you brush or floss your teeth, and gums that appear to be pulling away from the teeth. There are a few factors that can undermine healthy gums, including tobacco use, malnutrition, poor oral hygiene, and poor immunity due to more severe medical problems. Also, certain medications, including some types of antihistamines, decongestants, and painkillers, can cause dry mouth, which can promote gum disease.

It's important to remember that healthy gums aren’t just important for your oral health. Maintaining healthy gums can also be important for your overall health. Numerous research studies suggest an association between periodontitis and other more serious chronic health conditions such as diabetes and heart disease. In fact, there are now several studies that suggest an association between advanced gum disease and heart disease or stroke.

How to Get Healthy Gums Again

If you have mild gum disease (gingivitis), you can regain healthy gums by paying attention to oral hygiene. Using an anti-gingivitis toothpaste like Crest Gum Detoxify Deep Clean helps reverse early signs of gum damage and gives you clinically proven healthier gums. But serious gum disease, known as periodontitis, requires more sophisticated treatment to restore healthy gums. Your dentist may use one of these techniques to treat severe gum disease and promote healthy gums:

  • Root scaling and planing: Removal of the plaque and tartar on your teeth above and below the gum line.
  • Gingivectomy: Removal of diseased gum tissue, and elimination of any pockets between the teeth and gums where bacteria can easily grow.
  • Extraction: Removal of loose teeth, or removal of teeth that are badly decayed or damaged.
  • Flap surgery: Cleaning the teeth roots and repairing any bone damage.

How to Maintain Healthy Gums

Because a healthy mouth starts at the gums, maintaining an oral health routine focused on the health of your gums in crucial to the overall health of your mouth. When you have healthy gums, your teeth are well-supported by the tissue in your gums and your chances for long-term oral health are significantly increased. If you don’t maintain healthy gums, you are more likely to have gum disease, which can progress to a number of problems with your teeth and oral health. And as we talked about above, other long-term, chronic health conditions can be associated with periodontitis, a serious form of gum disease.

In order to help keep your gums healthy, there are several easy steps you should take on a daily basis. Here is a checklist you need for healthy gums:

  • Toothbrush: When selecting a toothbrush for healthy gums, look for a soft-bristle brush that has bristles of varying heights to reduce irritation. This will help the toothbrush stimulate your gums and get into hard-to-reach areas.
  • Toothpaste: The American Dental Association (ADA) recommends brushing twice a day with an ADA-accepted fluoride toothpaste. Comprehensive all-in-one formulas such as Crest Pro-Health Toothpaste can provide a number of benefits that help care for your teeth and gums for a healthy mouth. You may also want to consider a toothpaste like Crest Gum Detoxify Deep Clean which is formulated specifically for you gums. It can reach and neutralize the plaque bacteria built up around the gum line that can cause bleeding gums and even gum disease.
  • Dental Floss: Flossing may be one of the most important things you can do to help prevent gum problems and maintain healthy gums. There are also types of soft floss that make flossing easier, so people with sensitive gums can have healthy gums. Another option: interdental devices such as dental picks and flossers can be used to clean between the teeth and promote healthy gums.
  • Mouthwash: Using an anti-gingivitis mouthwash as part of your oral care routine can help kill the bacteria that cause plaque to maintain a healthy gums and teeth. And mouthwashes may offer you additional benefits like whitening, enamel protection, or cavity protection.
  • Gum Stimulator: Available at most drug stores, a gum stimulator can help you keep clean and healthy gums. This simple device features a rubber tip that is used to gently clean and stimulate gums for good circulation and to help prevent gum disease.
  • Regular Dental Visits: Regular visits to a dentist are important for healthy gums because the dentist can identify problems early before they become serious. Follow a regular oral care routine of brushing your teeth at least twice a day and flossing once a day to maintain healthy gums. Some dentists may recommend an antibacterial rinse or mouthwash to help preserve healthy gums after you are treated for gum disease.

Sources:

  1. http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/b/brushing-your-teeth/
  2. http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/guide/gum-problem-basics-sore-swollen-and-bleeding-gums#1
  3. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080908203017.htm
  4. http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/tc/gum-disease-topic-overview#1
  5. http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/ss/slideshow-teeth-gums
  6. http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/dental/art-20045536?pg=2
  7. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gingivitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354453

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Gum Disease Pictures: What do Healthy Gums Look Like? (11)

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Explore

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Periodontal Disease Pictures

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If you suspect you have \\r\\ngum disease and are experiencing some of its symptoms such as sore gums, it may help to compare your gums to the pictures of healthy gums and gum disease below, from gingivitis to advanced periodontitis. If your gums look like they’re in the early stages of gum disease, bring it to the attention of your dentist and hygienist at your next visit.

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\\r\\nGum Disease Pictures: What do Healthy Gums Look Like? (12)\\r\\n

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Gingivitis

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The most common way to identify gingivitis is to look for gum inflammation and bleeding.

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(Video) Do You Have Gingivitis or Periodontitis? | Different Stages Of Gum Disease

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Early Periodontitis Pictures

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During the early stages of periodontitis, symptoms include noticeably receding gum and pockets between gums and teeth.

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\\r\\nGum Disease Pictures: What do Healthy Gums Look Like? (13)\\r\\n

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\\r\\nGum Disease Pictures: What do Healthy Gums Look Like? (14)\\r\\n

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Advanced Periodontitis

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As periodontitis progresses, tissue and bone that support teeth are lost, causing loose teeth.

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Healthy Gums vs. Unhealthy Gums

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If you have healthy gums, they will look firm and pink. Some signs of unhealthy gums include redness and swelling, gums that bleed when you brush or floss your teeth, and gums that appear to be pulling away from the teeth. There are a few factors that can undermine healthy gums, including tobacco use, malnutrition, poor oral hygiene, and poor immunity due to more severe medical problems. Also, certain medications, including some types of antihistamines, decongestants, and painkillers, can cause dry mouth, which can promote gum disease.

\\r\\n

It's important to remember that healthy gums aren’t just important for your oral health. Maintaining healthy gums can also be important for your overall health. Numerous research studies suggest an association between periodontitis and other more serious chronic health conditions such as diabetes and heart disease. In fact, there are now several studies that suggest an association between advanced gum disease and heart disease or stroke.

\\r\\n

How to Get Healthy Gums Again

\\r\\n

If you have mild gum disease (gingivitis), you can regain healthy gums by paying attention to oral hygiene. Using an anti-gingivitis toothpaste like Crest Gum Detoxify Deep Clean helps reverse early signs of gum damage and gives you clinically proven healthier gums. But serious gum disease, known as periodontitis, requires more sophisticated treatment to restore healthy gums. Your dentist may use one of these techniques to treat severe gum disease and promote healthy gums:\\r\\n

(Video) Top 5 Symptoms of Gum Disease

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    \\r\\n
  • Root scaling and planing: Removal of the plaque and tartar on your teeth above and below the gum line.
  • \\r\\n
  • Gingivectomy: Removal of diseased gum tissue, and elimination of any pockets between the teeth and gums where bacteria can easily grow.
  • \\r\\n
  • Extraction: Removal of loose teeth, or removal of teeth that are badly decayed or damaged.
  • \\r\\n
  • Flap surgery: Cleaning the teeth roots and repairing any bone damage.
  • \\r\\n
\\r\\n

How to Maintain Healthy Gums

\\r\\n

Because a healthy mouth starts at the gums, maintaining an oral health routine focused on the health of your gums in crucial to the overall health of your mouth. When you have healthy gums, your teeth are well-supported by the tissue in your gums and your chances for long-term oral health are significantly increased. If you don’t maintain healthy gums, you are more likely to have gum disease, which can progress to a number of problems with your teeth and oral health. And as we talked about above, other long-term, chronic health conditions can be associated with periodontitis, a serious form of gum disease.

\\r\\n

In order to help keep your gums healthy, there are several easy steps you should take on a daily basis. Here is a checklist you need for healthy gums:\\r\\n

\\r\\n
    \\r\\n
  • Toothbrush: When selecting a toothbrush for healthy gums, look for a soft-bristle brush that has bristles of varying heights to reduce irritation. This will help the toothbrush stimulate your gums and get into hard-to-reach areas.
  • \\r\\n
  • Toothpaste: The American Dental Association (ADA) recommends brushing twice a day with an ADA-accepted fluoride toothpaste. Comprehensive all-in-one formulas such as Crest Pro-Health Toothpaste can provide a number of benefits that help care for your teeth and gums for a healthy mouth. You may also want to consider a toothpaste like Crest Gum Detoxify Deep Clean which is formulated specifically for you gums. It can reach and neutralize the plaque bacteria built up around the gum line that can cause bleeding gums and even gum disease.
  • \\r\\n
  • Dental Floss: Flossing may be one of the most important things you can do to help prevent gum problems and maintain healthy gums. There are also types of soft floss that make flossing easier, so people with sensitive gums can have healthy gums. Another option: interdental devices such as dental picks and flossers can be used to clean between the teeth and promote healthy gums.
  • \\r\\n
  • Mouthwash: Using an anti-gingivitis mouthwash as part of your oral care routine can help kill the bacteria that cause plaque to maintain a healthy gums and teeth. And mouthwashes may offer you additional benefits like whitening, enamel protection, or cavity protection.
  • \\r\\n
  • Gum Stimulator: Available at most drug stores, a gum stimulator can help you keep clean and healthy gums. This simple device features a rubber tip that is used to gently clean and stimulate gums for good circulation and to help prevent gum disease.
  • \\r\\n
  • Regular Dental Visits: Regular visits to a dentist are important for healthy gums because the dentist can identify problems early before they become serious. Follow a regular oral care routine of brushing your teeth at least twice a day and flossing once a day to maintain healthy gums. Some dentists may recommend an antibacterial rinse or mouthwash to help preserve healthy gums after you are treated for gum disease.
  • \\r\\n
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Sources:

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    \\r\\n
  1. http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/b/brushing-your-teeth/
  2. \\r\\n
  3. http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/guide/gum-problem-basics-sore-swollen-and-bleeding-gums#1
  4. \\r\\n
  5. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/09/080908203017.htm
  6. \\r\\n
  7. http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/tc/gum-disease-topic-overview#1
  8. \\r\\n
  9. http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/ss/slideshow-teeth-gums
  10. \\r\\n
  11. http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/adult-health/in-depth/dental/art-20045536?pg=2
  12. \\r\\n
  13. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gingivitis/symptoms-causes/syc-20354453
  14. \\r\\n
\\r\\n\\r\\n\\r\\n

\\r\\n\\r\\n\\r\\n\\r\\n\\r\\n\\r\\n\\r\\n

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(Video) Gum Recession Cure - How to Rebuild Gums

FAQs

What are healthy gums supposed to look like? ›

Healthy gums should look pink and firm, not red and swollen. To keep gums healthy, practice good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth at least twice a day, floss at least once a day, rinse with an antiseptic mouthwash once or twice a day, see your dentist regularly, and avoid smoking or chewing tobacco.

What do healthy gums look like vs unhealthy? ›

If you have healthy gums, they will look firm and pink. Some signs of unhealthy gums include redness and swelling, gums that bleed when you brush or floss your teeth, and gums that appear to be pulling away from the teeth.

What do gums look like with gum disease? ›

Gingivitis can cause dusky red, swollen, tender gums that bleed easily, especially when you brush your teeth. Healthy gums are firm and pale pink and fitted tightly around the teeth. Signs and symptoms of gingivitis include: Swollen or puffy gums.

What colour are your gums if you have gum disease? ›

Gums that are bright red, white or unnaturally black may indicate that gum disease is present. In some cases, darker coloured gums can mean disease is present, so if you gums have perceptibly changed colour, it's worth getting them checked out.

What are signs of unhealthy gums? ›

Symptoms of gum disease include:
  • Bad breath that won't go away.
  • Red or swollen gums.
  • Tender or bleeding gums.
  • Painful chewing.
  • Loose teeth.
  • Sensitive teeth.
  • Receding gums or longer appearing teeth.

How can I restore my healthy gums? ›

Here are a few ways you can help keep your gums healthy.
  1. Floss. Floss at least once a day. ...
  2. Get regular dental cleanings. Your dentist can detect early gum disease symptoms if you see them on a regular basis. ...
  3. Quit smoking. ...
  4. Brush twice a day. ...
  5. Use fluoride toothpaste. ...
  6. Use a therapeutic mouthwash.

How do inflamed gums look like? ›

Swollen gums appear red instead of their normal pink color. Swollen gums, also called gingival swelling, are often irritated, sensitive, or painful. You may also notice that your gums bleed more easily when brushing or flossing your teeth.

How do you stop receding gums from getting worse? ›

One of the most important things you can do to avoid further gum recession is to brush and floss your teeth twice daily. If your gums have receded due to aggressive brushing, be mindful of the force you are applying while brushing and use a soft-bristled toothbrush.

Can your gums grow back? ›

While your gums won't grow back on their own, surgical treatment can be used to replace the missing tissue, and restore both your appearance and your oral health. Gum grafting involves taking soft tissue from another part of the mouth and grafting it onto your gums.

What does early stage gum disease look like? ›

In its early stages, inflammation around the gums is observable, with gum tissues appearing red and swollen. Gums that are easily irritated or that bleed during tooth brushing indicate the presence of Gingivitis.

Can gum disease ever go away? ›

Gingivitis can be reversed with professional treatment and good home oral care. Ongoing gum inflammation can cause periodontitis, eventually causing pockets to develop between your gums and teeth that fill with plaque, tartar and bacteria. In time, these pockets become deeper, filling with more bacteria.

How long does it take to get rid of gum disease? ›

How long does it take to treat gingivitis? Patients who comply with their dentist's recommendations will often see their condition reduce dramatically within two or three weeks. More serious stages of gingivitis may take longer to see results.

Can your gums turn back pink? ›

It may be possible to reverse changes in gum color that are caused by smoking. A doctor should be able to give advice and support on quitting smoking. Cosmetic dentists may offer gum bleaching to lighten the color of the gums.

Do gums turn white when healing? ›

You may also notice that your gums turn white around your wound. This is usually caused by the trauma of the surgery and should go away after a few days.

How pink should your gums be? ›

Healthy gums should look a pinkish color and be firm. This is likely a good sign that your oral care routine is working. However, if your gums are anything other than pink in color and firm, it's time to consult with a dental professional.

When should I worry about my gums? ›

Healthy gums should be firm and pale pink. If your gums bleed easily or are swollen and puffy, it is a sign of unhealthy gums. If you see blood in the sink when you brush your teeth, gingivitis, or gum disease could be a concern.

How do I know if my gums are infected? ›

Signs that you may have infected gums include:
  1. Gums that are swollen, tender or bleeding.
  2. Receding gums.
  3. Pus coming from the gums.
  4. Chronic bad breath.
  5. Loose teeth.
  6. A noticeable change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite.

How can I improve my gums naturally? ›

First-line treatment options
  1. Brush your teeth at least twice a day. ...
  2. Opt for an electric toothbrush to maximize your cleaning potential.
  3. Make sure your toothbrush has soft or extra-soft bristles.
  4. Replace your toothbrush every three months.
  5. Floss daily.
  6. Use a natural mouthwash.
  7. Visit your dentist at least once a year.

Is it too late to save my gums? ›

It's never too late to seek treatment for gum disease, and the degree of treatment you require will depend on how advanced it is.

Which toothpaste is best for receding gums? ›

Sensodyne Toothpaste

The top toothpaste available on the market that helps reduce sensitivity caused by receding gums is Sensodyne.

What is the fastest way to heal receding gums? ›

5 Natural Remedies For Receding Gums | Quick, Effective...
  1. Use a Salt Water Rinse. Saltwater is a great, natural tool to use as an oral rinse. ...
  2. Drink Green Tea. ...
  3. Try Practicing Oil Pulling. ...
  4. Rinse with a Hydrogen Peroxide Solution. ...
  5. Maintain Thorough Oral Hygiene.
15 Sept 2021

What Colour should gums be? ›

Healthy gums should look a pinkish color and be firm. This is likely a good sign that your oral care routine is working. However, if your gums are anything other than pink in color and firm, it's time to consult with a dental professional.

Should gums be light pink? ›

Healthy gums should be a relatively consistent shade of pink. They may appear slightly lighter around the teeth and darker around the sides of the mouth. One person's gums may be naturally a little paler or darker than another's.

Are dark pink gums healthy? ›

Generally spoken, light to darker pink gums mean they are healthy, whereas red gums show signs of sensitivity or inflammation.

Are white gums normal? ›

White gums often suggest that something is amiss with a person's oral health. Several conditions can cause white gums, from simple canker sores to long-term inflammatory illnesses. In rare cases, white gums can indicate oral cancer, so it is essential to see a doctor for a proper diagnosis.

Are you supposed to brush your gums? ›

But the bacteria that live on your tongue and on your gums also must be cleaned away, in order to safeguard your oral health. Brushing and cleaning your tongue and gums properly is absolutely essential, because brushing alone simply is not enough to prevent cavities and gum disease.

Can white gums turn pink again? ›

The gum area surrounding tooth extraction can cause the gums to turn white. However, the gums will turn back to their original color within a few days. White gums around teeth can be a cause of serious problems if left untreated.

Are black gums healthy? ›

If a person's gums have always been very dark, there is no cause for concern. If the gum color changes over a short period, however, or if patches of black appear on the gums, it is probably not caused by melanin and may indicate a medical issue.

Do gums go white when healing? ›

You may also notice that your gums turn white around your wound. This is usually caused by the trauma of the surgery and should go away after a few days.

What are your gums telling you? ›

Puffy, Red, or Swollen Gums

If your gums are puffy, red, or swollen, this is a clear cut sign of inflammation in the gums and could also be gingivitis. Sometimes a bacterial or viral infection can cause swollen gums as well as hormonal changes. Gingivitis is generally caused by improper oral hygiene.

Why do I have white stuff on my gums? ›

Oral thrush occurs when an overgrowth of Candida fungus accumulates around the mouth. If you notice creamy white or cheesy yellow spots on your gums, tongue, cheeks, or the roof of your mouth, this may be oral thrush. Generally, we treat oral thrush with antifungal medication.

Why are my gums darker on the bottom? ›

The more melanin people have in their bodies, the darker their skin and hair will be. Dark brown or black gums may be due to a person having more melanin in the body. If a person's gums have always been dark, there is no cause for concern.

Why are my gums dark in some spots? ›

Chances are, those harmless spots have always been there; dark gums are typically genetic. The majority of people with dark gums have a higher concentration of melanin in their skin. That melanin can appear in the gums as blotchy spots. In rare cases, smoking can also cause “black gums” as some people call them.

Can red gums go back to normal? ›

Unlike typical sores on your body that should be left alone to heal, red gums actually require more attention. Bleeding may occur, but once plaque is removed with brushing and flossing, red gums can resolve on their own within a few weeks.

What do white gums look like? ›

White gums are caused by a condition known as leukoplakia. Mayo Clinic defines leukoplakia as a condition where thick, white spots or patches form on the gums, inner cheeks, and bottom of the mouth. They can even form on the tongue. These white spots cannot be rubbed or scraped off.

What is the white stuff on my gums in the morning? ›

On almost any surface, a thin layer of bacteria known as biofilm can stick. That's why your gums and teeth feel like they've been covered in slime when you wake up in the morning. Biofilm is normal and happens to everyone—even if you brush, floss and rinse with an antibacterial mouthwash.

What light gums mean? ›

Pale gums are a common sign of anemia, and mild anemia can be managed at home by increasing the intake of iron. However, severe cases can be life-threatening. Speak with a doctor or dentist about pale gums as soon as possible. Receiving treatment early can reduce the risk of complications.

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5. Easy explainer: Gum disease in pictures
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