How To Become A Phlebotomist - National Certifications (2022)

A phlebotomist is a medical person who takes blood samples from patients. The blood is typically drawn from a vein, a procedure known as a venipuncture. The certified phlebotomy technician then proceeds to prepare the blood samples to be sent to a clinical laboratory for analysis, research, or transfusions.

More on what is a phlebotomist.

Education Requirements

In order to become a phlebotomist, one must have a high school degree or an equivalent General Equivalency Diploma (GED). A high school diploma or GED is the minimum required education level. Furthermore, the health care prospect must have passed an official certification exam through state-approved institutions. The conditions mentioned above are obligatory as the job description includes an array of invasive procedures. However, for prospects without a high school diploma, a GED equivalency training program is the fastest and most efficient solution to meet the minimum required education.

Each state differs in pricing for obtaining a GED diploma and can range from tens of dollars, usually due to state subsidies, or hundreds of dollars:

  • Kentucky: the price per subject is$30 for a total cost of $120;
  • Florida: the price per subject is$32 for a total cost of $128;
  • Maine: TheGEDexam has been replaced by the HiSET (High School Equivalency Test) exam;
  • Minnesota: the price per subject is$30 for a total cost of $120;
  • Tennessee: TheGEDexam has been replaced by the HiSET (High School Equivalency Test) exam;
  • Oregon: the price per subject is$38 for a total cost of $152;
  • Arizona: the price per subject is$35 for a total cost of $140;
  • Connecticut: the price per subject is$0 for a total cost of $0;
  • Idaho: the price per subject is$30 for a total cost of $120;
  • Wisconsin: the price per subject is$33.75 for a total cost of $135;
  • Illinois: the price per subject is$30 for a total cost of $120;
  • Michigan: the price per subject is$37.50 for a total cost of $150;
  • Massachusetts: the price per subject is$31.25 for a total cost of $125;
  • Kansas: the price per subject is$33 for a total cost of $132;
  • Arkansas: the price per subject is$4 for a total cost of $16;
  • Alaska: the price per subject is$30 for a total cost of $120;
  • New York: The GED exam has been replaced by the TASC (Test Assessing Secondary Completion) exam;
  • South Carolina: the price per subject is$37.50 for a total cost of $150;
  • North Carolina: the price per subject is$20 for a total cost of $80;
  • Rhode Island: the price per subject is$30 for a total cost of $120;
  • South Dakota: the price per subject is$32.50 for a total cost of $130;
  • North Dakota: the price per subject is$30 for a total cost of $120;
  • Pennsylvania: the price per subject is$30 for a total cost of $120;
  • New Jersey: the price per subject is$30 for a total cost of $120;
  • Washington: the price per subject is$30 for a total cost of $120;
  • Nevada: the price per subject is$23.75 for a total cost of $95;
  • Louisiana: TheGEDexam has been replaced by the HiSET (High School Equivalency Test) exam;
  • New Mexico: the price per subject is$20 for a total cost of $80;
  • Maryland: the price per subject is$11.25 for a total cost of $45.

Consult other states, territories, and internationalfees and conditions. More info about each state can be found on official governmental websites.

How to become a phlebotomist: GED certification exam

Candidates should also keep in mind that there’s no online alternative to the exams. They must be at least 16 years old, schedule an exam date, and present themselves in the appointed classroom with a valid ID card. The identification card must contain the exact information given to the GED testing organization before scheduling.

A GED exam is fashioned into four parts pertaining to a general sphere of science. Each test section can be taken separately, but the student must pass all of them:

1. Reasoning Through Language Arts:

(Video) HOW TO BECOME A PHLEBOTOMIST: CERTIFICATION EXAM! TAKING THE NHA | NHA ADVICE AND STUDY TIPS!

The first examination section must be completed in 2.5 hours and concentrates on determining the student’s reading and writing skills. Comprehension, grammar, editing, and paraphrasing are evaluated through fictional and non-fictional writings.

Education resources are accessible through the GED Reasoning Through Language Artsguide.

2. Mathematical Reasoning:

The second examination section focuses on algebraic and quantitative mathematical problems; each segment divided into a total testing time of 115 minutes. Most inquiries have a ready on-screen calculator.

Education resources are accessible through theGED Math: Quantitative, Arithmetic & Algebraic Problem Solvingguide.

3. Social Studies:

The third examination section is composed of five subsections in 70 minutes: government science (25%), civic education (25%), U.S. history (20%), economics (10%), world knowledge (10%), and geography (10%).

Education resources are accessible through theGED Social Studies: Civics & Government, U.S. History, Economics, Geography & the Worldguide.

4. Science:

(Video) Certified Phlebotomy Technician CPT Certification Preview - National Phlebotomy Solutions

The fourth examination part includes four subsections in 1.5 hours: physics (40%), lifeforms (40%), the Universe (10%), and planet Earth (10%). The subjects are selected-response questions, apart from two open-queries.

Education resources are accessible through theGED Science: Life, Physical and Chemicalguide.

Other high school graduation equivalency programs include:

  • HiSET (High School Equivalency Test);
  • TASC (Test Assessing Secondary Completion);
  • CHSPE (California High School Proficiency Exam);
  • HSED (High School Equivalency Diploma or HEP);
  • Adult high school.

Becoming a Phlebotomist

Entry-Level Training & On The Job Training

Basic training programs for phlebotomy technician medical assisting are obtainable in a couple of months and offer primary theoretical knowledge. Still, healthcare professionals need to acquire hands-on preparation. The best way to gain autonomy is through on the job training. This way, phlebotomists earn experience and familiarization with the workplace and job duties.

On the job training can be obtained by getting a job, an internship, or volunteering at clinics, nursing homes, veterans’ hospitals, the American Red Cross, or local blood banks.

What does a phlebotomist do

A phlebotomist is a medical assistant specialized in invasive procedures. He’s the right hand of the doctor and must be able to administer injections, draw blood, collect bodily fluids, and prepare the specimens. Other duties include:

  • Handling needles and subcutaneous puncture sticks;
  • Blood banks and blood donation centers data collection;
  • Performing sterilization and infection control;
  • Blood type identification;
  • Blood specimens preparation;
  • Adhere to safety precautions;
  • Diagnosis interpretation;
  • Patient guidance, registration, and identification;
  • Performing venipunctures with butterfly techniques;
  • Centrifuge blood samples if allowed by the state;
  • Maintaining inventory and performing maintenance.

Skills required to become a phlebotomist:

  • Good hand-eye coordination and dexterity;
  • Attentiveness to labeling and specimen processing;
  • Physical and mental stamina;
  • Strong stomach to take blood, urine, or stool sample;
  • Body anatomy and medical terminology knowledge;
  • Excellent social and communicative capabilities;
  • Patience with the elderly, young, and disabled.

How to become a Certified Phlebotomy Technician

The average phlebotomy technician has a high school diploma or equivalent GED education and has pursued official phlebotomy certification through accredited institutions. Although some states might have relaxed or even none existent training requirements to work as a phlebotomist, other states demand it; such is the case of California which requires official certification and only accepts six national boarding institutions:

  1. National Center for Competency Testing (NCCT) or Multi-skilled Medical Certification Institute (MMCI);
  2. American Society for Clinical Pathology(ASCP);
  3. American Medical Technologists (AMT);
  4. American Certification Agency (ACA);
  5. National Healthcareer Association(NHA);
  6. National Credentialing Agency (NCA).

The previously mentioned institutions are arguably the best as they allow to work across the United States. More so, Nevada, Washington, and Louisiana have similar strict licensing and phlebotomy certification requirements as California. However, other respectable education institutions include:

(Video) How to become a phlebotomist💉101 certified or certificate? Is it worth it ? Will I like this field?

  • National Phlebotomy Solution (NPS);
  • American Societyof Phlebotomy Technicians (ASPT);
  • National Phlebotomy Association (NPA);
  • American Association of Bioanalysts (ABOR);
  • American Allied Health (AAH);
  • American Medical Certification Association (AMCA).

Due to the litigious nature of the U.S. healthcare system, and the invasive nature of phlebotomy, having proper phlebotomy certification has become a standardized industry condition. Constitutionally, patients have all rights reserved to sue the clinic, and having an uncertified phlebotomist may represent a legal vulnerability. Also, most medical insurances, such as Medicare, only deal with certified health care institutions and professionals. More about the types of phlebotomy certifications.

Completing a medical assistant certificate for phlebotomy takes around one year. A more valuable diploma from a college associate’s degree requires two years. A college bachelor’s degree or a master’s degree requires several years to complete, but will most certainly result in a higher salary and better employment opportunities. According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, a phlebotomist with a college associate degree or higher education is expected to exceed the average annual phlebotomist salary of $33,670 ($15.50 per hour).

How to become a phlebotomist

Most phlebotomy certification programs are one-year training plans available at local technical or community colleges. Exclusive online classes are not available as you need hands-on experience to draw blood through various venipuncture techniques, preparing blood samples, performing skin punctures, and similar procedures. Some phlebotomy programs even offer night classes. It’s important to make sure that the institution is an accredited phlebotomy school through the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS) in order to obtain maximum universality for seizing future job opportunities.

Generally, applying to a phlebotomy program requires sending a formal application, usually through their official website, high school or GED transcripts, extra semester credits, eventual recommendation letters from current or past employers, and a short essay as a letter of intent.

Once accepted into the training program, the student will complete basic theoretical and practical training for a year or so. In this period, the student may pursue other degrees, such as CPR certification. It’s not uncommon, for those without any work experience, to subscribe to an internship training program to obtain 1,040 hours of work experience, at least 100 successful venipunctures, or similar essentials. Subsequently, the prospect may apply for national phlebotomist certification, and if needed, state licensing. Such programs are designed to standardize and prepare the student for immediate placement within the health care workforce.

After obtaining national certification, the phlebotomist may apply for state licensing by passing an exam. Currently, only California, Washington, Nevada, and Louisiana require it. The state’s commissioning bureau within the Secretary of State’s office provides all the guidance necessary in scheduling and pursuing the state examination.

Maintaining Your Phlebotomy Technician Certification

A phlebotomy technician must keep their certification up to date at all times. The vast majority of the boarding institutions require phlebotomy re-certification every year or two. Re-certification is usually done by paying a fee of around 100 dollars, continuing education, and participating in a few phlebotomy training classes to keep up with recent scientific developments.

However, the phlebotomy re-certification policy differs from one institution to another. It’s important to understand it before registering as it will affect your phlebotomy career and job outlook. Some organizations will require a re-examination at one of their testing sites, while others will provide you with just an online training program info about recent medical advancements.

Find Employment

Phlebotomist technician job prospects are increasing by 23% in the 2018-2028 decade, which, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, is one of the fastest-growing industries.

(Video) How To Become a Phlebotomist - From Phlebotomy Training to Certification

Blood tests are indispensable, used in 80% of diagnosis, research, and medical procedures. Studying cancers, viral infections, and many others require taking blood by a phlebotomy tech.

The first step candidates need to follow to find employment is to compile an error-free Curriculum Vitae (CV) or resume with their high school diploma or GED education, past job experiences, employers, certifications, and any other relevant information. Secondly, the phlebotomist candidate must compile a list with all the hospitals, laboratories, clinics, imaging centers in their zip code. Search in newspapers, online, at job placement agencies, career counselors, and even though phlebotomy certification institutions that often have job employment programs. Call the desired workplaces and inquire about the job description and specific eligibility requirements.

How To Become A Phlebotomist – Sample Interview Questions

Q: What are the risks of a blood or plasma donation?

A: The phlebotomist must be aware that donating blood might weaken or nauseate the donor, and that the saline substance can cause adverse reactions.

Q: Do you have experience in labeling?

A: The phlebotomist must be aware of the consequences of mislabeling and present a systematic method of vial identification and transportation.

Q: How do you prevent the formation of a hematoma when drawing blood?

A: Although a hematoma is not life-threatening, the ideal phlebotomist must avoid far vein piercing, remove the tourniquet before exiting the needle, and have a steady hand.

Q: How do you manage fearful patients?

(Video) HOW TO BECOME A PHLEBOTOMIST! COST, CLASS + ROTATIONS | PHLEBOTOMY EP 1

A: Kids are often nervous, but an experienced phlebotomist is capable of reassuring them through procedure explanation, distraction, and maintaining a calm demeanor.

FAQs

Which phlebotomy certification is best? ›

The Best Phlebotomy Certification Programs in 2022
  • Best Overall: Phlebotomy Career Training.
  • Best Accelerated Program: Chicago School of Phlebotomy.
  • Best Intensive Program: National Phlebotomy Association (NPA)
  • Best Online Option: American National University.
  • Best Value: Heart to Heart Healthcare Training.
4 Jan 2022

What qualifications do I need to become a phlebotomist? ›

There are no set entry requirements to become a trainee phlebotomist. Employers usually ask for at least two GCSEs or equivalent. They may ask for a BTEC or equivalent vocational qualification in health and social care or healthcare. Employers often ask for relevant work experience.

What is a certified phlebotomist? ›

Phlebotomists are specially trained certified healthcare professional that typically work in the NHS/Private hospitals or blood banks. As a phlebotomist, you will take blood samples from patients. The samples are examined in a laboratory and the results can be used to diagnose diseases and conditions.

How long does it take to train as a phlebotomist? ›

The Diploma in Phlebotomy is anywhere from 9 to 18 months depending on your schedule. The beauty of all the training courses is that they are flexible and you can fit them in around other work or studies, family life and other commitments.

What kind of phlebotomist make the most money? ›

Setting. The largest sector of phlebotomists practice in hospitals, but these employers pay the least, at an average of $29,840 a year. The highest wages paid were at insurance carriers, with an average of $41,350 a year.

How many levels are in phlebotomy? ›

There are three levels of certification that a phlebotomy program can offer. These are: Limited Phlebotomy Technician (LPT) – Authorized to perform skin puncture blood collection. Certified Phlebotomy Technician I (CPT I) – Authorized to perform skin puncture and venipuncture blood collection.

Are phlebotomists in high demand? ›

Demand for phlebotomists is soaring, the US Bureau of Labor Statistics predicts a 17-percent increase through 2029. There's never been a better time to seek training, but there's more than one pathway to success in this up-and-coming career.

What is the career path for a phlebotomist? ›

Some career paths of phlebotomy-certified individuals include: nursing, medical assisting, physician assisting, EKG technician, and medical lab tech. The salaries of these careers range between $29,000 and $100,000 a year.

Is a phlebotomist a medic? ›

Phlebotomists are medical technicians. They are hired to collect blood samples directly from patients veins using hypodermic needles. Phlebotomy requires mastery of eye hand coordination which is certainly attainable through dedication.

How long does phlebotomy certification last? ›

The CPT I phlebotomy license must be renewed every two years. This ensures that the professionals in the field are taking the initiative to stay informed of any and all updates pertaining to phlebotomy. Before doing phlebotomy license renewal, certain requirements must be met.

Is phlebotomy hard to learn? ›

Is it hard to become a phlebotomist? Being a phlebotomist is not hard but it does require lots of training and practice. Phlebotomists will learn a lot on the job and will get better as they gain more experience drawing blood. This job may be difficult for individuals who are sensitive to the sight of bodily fluids.

Is phlebotomy a good job? ›

As a phlebotomist, you will be earning a good and steady income. The average hourly rate for your expertise is around $17.07 per hour or $35,510 per year. This may be higher or lower depending on where you work. Having a steady income can really open up many doors for you.

What is the difference between phlebotomy and phlebotomist? ›

A phlebotomy technician and a phlebotomist are interchangeable job titles for the same career. They both draw blood from patients, take care of lab equipment, take care of patients while in the lab and ship samples as applicable.

What is the difference between phlebotomist 1 and 2? ›

Remember that a Phlebotomy Technician II license grants authorization to perform venipuncture, arterial punctures, and skin punctures. The primary difference for this license is that you must already have a current CDPH Phlebotomy Technician I license, along with 1040 hours of field-experience over the past five years.

Are phlebotomy courses worth it? ›

Phlebotomy classes are also highly recommended because they are a way to launch yourself into a new career, regardless of a lack in college experience or a medical background. Classes act as a quick catalyst as well, because most do not take long to complete.

What's the most a phlebotomist can make an hour? ›

Years of Experience. According to Payscale, the hourly wage for phlebotomists ranges from $11.78 per hour to $19.95 per hour, with a median hourly rate of $15.31. The number one factor for phlebotomists earning higher wages is their level of experience.

What company pays phlebotomist the most? ›

Top companies for Phlebotomists in United States
  • American Health Associates. 2.2 $23.58per hour. 314 reviews6 salaries reported.
  • Bio-Reference Laboratories, Inc. 3.4 $21.71per hour. ...
  • UCHealth. 3.5 $20.95per hour. ...
  • APPS Paramedical. 3.7 $20.43per hour. ...
  • Kaiser Permanente. 4.1 $19.89per hour. ...
  • Show more companies.

How many questions is the phlebotomy exam? ›

The PBT(ASCP) and PBT(ASCPi) certification examination is composed of 80 questions given in a 2 hour time frame. All exam questions are multiple-choice with one best answer. The certification exam is administered using the format of computer adaptive testing (CAT).

What does CPT stand for in phlebotomy? ›

Certified Phlebotomy Technician I (CPT I) Certificate.

What are the credentials of an AMT certified phlebotomist? ›

Applicant shall be a graduate within the past 4 years or scheduled to graduate from an approved academic course (or combined courses) of study in phlebotomy. Must include a minimum of 120 didactic clock hours (or as required by state law).

What is the difference between phlebotomist 1 and 2? ›

Remember that a Phlebotomy Technician II license grants authorization to perform venipuncture, arterial punctures, and skin punctures. The primary difference for this license is that you must already have a current CDPH Phlebotomy Technician I license, along with 1040 hours of field-experience over the past five years.

What is the difference between phlebotomy and phlebotomist? ›

A phlebotomy technician and a phlebotomist are interchangeable job titles for the same career. They both draw blood from patients, take care of lab equipment, take care of patients while in the lab and ship samples as applicable.

What are the types of phlebotomy? ›

There are two main types of phlebotomy: venipuncture and capillary puncture. Venipuncture is the most common type of phlebotomy. It involves taking blood from a vein, usually in the arm.

Is phlebotomy worth the money? ›

So Is a Phlebotomy Certification Worth It? If you're looking for a stable income and job security, earning certification is worth it. BLS 2020 data shows that a phlebotomist earned an annual salary of $36,320 and an hourly wage of $17.46.

How do I advance my career as a phlebotomist? ›

Generally, these options include taking up a management or supervisory positions or becoming a donor phlebotomy technician. You can also study for a phlebotomy specialist certification to qualify as a collections phlebotomy specialist, registered phlebotomy specialist or patient service technician specialist.

How long does phlebotomy certification last? ›

The CPT I phlebotomy license must be renewed every two years. This ensures that the professionals in the field are taking the initiative to stay informed of any and all updates pertaining to phlebotomy. Before doing phlebotomy license renewal, certain requirements must be met.

Is phlebotomy in high demand? ›

There is a shortage of skilled Phlebotomists particularly in London. Employment is mainly in hospitals, either on wards or in outpatient clinics and most jobs are within the NHS and also in the private healthcare sector.

Can a phlebotomist run a lab? ›

They cannot work in immunohematology (blood bank) or perform microscopic analyses. High school-level people can be certified as phlebotomy technicians. Certified phlebotomists can draw and process blood from patients, but cannot do any testing.

What does CPT stand for in phlebotomy? ›

Certified Phlebotomy Technician I (CPT I) Certificate.

Is phlebotomy hard to learn? ›

Being a phlebotomist is not hard but it does require lots of training and practice. Phlebotomists will learn a lot on the job and will get better as they gain more experience drawing blood. This job may be difficult for individuals who are sensitive to the sight of bodily fluids.

What is ASCP certification phlebotomy? ›

The American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP), Phlebotomy Technician, PBT(ASCP) validates the technician's ability and knowledge to adhere to laboratory safety protocols and infection control while collecting, transporting, and processing blood or other specimens to be analyzed in the laboratory.

How many patients can a phlebotomist draw in one day? ›

If we choose the blue definition, each phlebotomist could see up to 10 patients in one hour. The difference between the two durations is 5 patients per hour, or between 30 to 40 patients per phlebotomist each day. This means our patients will be waiting longer than we want, and our staff will be rushed and stressed.

How many questions is the phlebotomy exam? ›

The PBT(ASCP) and PBT(ASCPi) certification examination is composed of 80 questions given in a 2 hour time frame. All exam questions are multiple-choice with one best answer. The certification exam is administered using the format of computer adaptive testing (CAT).

What are the disadvantages of being a phlebotomist? ›

Cons of being a phlebotomist
  • Injuries and exposures. Phlebotomists face workplace hazards. ...
  • Work stress. As a phlebotomist, you may face work-related stress. ...
  • Long hours. Phlebotomists often work long hours, usually anywhere from eight to 12 hours per shift. ...
  • Low margin of error.
26 Oct 2021

What's after phlebotomy? ›

Your next step may be considering some career path options that involve what you've learned in your classes. Some career paths of phlebotomy-certified individuals include: nursing, medical assisting, physician assisting, EKG technician, and medical lab tech.

Is a phlebotomist a stressful job? ›

Depending on where you ply your trade, the work can be quite stressful. For example, in emergency rooms or trauma centers the level of stress often runs high. Of course, it isn't the phlebotomy itself which is stressful, but rather the overall work environment.

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