The Fiber Optic Association - Fiber Optic Standards (2022)

The Fiber Optic Association - Fiber Optic Standards (1)




US and International Standards For Fiber Optics and Premises Cabling

FOA Standards Fiber Optic Standards Premises Cabling Standards Electrical Codes (NEC-US)

Note: This list was assembled from a number of sources with various dates - we doubt it is complete because they change all the time.A full catalog of TIA specs is at http://www.tiaonline.org/

Learning More About Standards and Codes

(Video) FOA Standards

There are a number of ways of finding out more about cabling standards. You can buy a complete copy of the EIA/TIA or ISO/IEC standards which can be very expensive and wade through page after page of standards language. You can also get catalogs and/or visit the websites of a number of cabling manufacturers who have extremely complete explanations of the standards which have been created for their installers and end users. The second method is the recommended one.

Other groups may have fiber optic standards also: ANSI is the governing bodies for standards in the US, NIST provides primary standards, IEEE has standards for networks like Ethernet, IWCS has standards for cables, Telcordia has standards for their telco members, many countries have their own standards. There are probably more.

Understanding codes like NEC requires not only learning what codes cover but what codes are applicable in the local area and who inspects installations. Furthermore, codes change regularly, usually every 2-5 years, and installers are required to keep up to date on the codes. Understand what is required in the areas you do installations and know when the codes are updated.


FOA Standards

(Video) Fundamentals of Fiber Optic Cabling

In response to complaints about the cost and meaning of many standards, FOA created its own basic standards for some widely used tests and topics.

Listing of all FOA standards
FOA Standard FOA-1: Testing Loss of Installed Fiber Optic Cable Plant, (Insertion Loss, TIA OFSTP-14, OFSTP-7, ISO/IEC 61280, ISO/IEC 14763, etc.) More
FOA Standard FOA-2: Testing Loss of Fiber Optic Cables, Single Ended, (Insertion Loss, TIA FOTP-171, OFSTP-7, , ISO/IEC 14763) More
FOA Standard FOA-3: Measuring Optical Power (Transmitter and Receiver Power, FOTP-95, Numerous ISO/IEC standards) More
FOA Standard FOA-4: OTDR Testing of Fiber Optic Cable Plant (TIA FOTP-8/59/60/61/78, ISO/IEC 14763, etc.) More
FOA Standard FOA-7: Mode Conditioning For Testing Multimode Fiber Optic Cables (Mandrel wrap, encircled flux)
FOA Standard FOA-5 Fiber Optic Datalinks
FOA Standard FOA-6 Fiber Optic Cable Plant

US and International Fiber Optic Standards

TIA Fiber Optic Standards

These standards are under continual updating so it's unlikely this list is ever fully up to date. Most were created by EIA standards committees and transferred to TIA when the two organizations merged.

(Video) The History Of Fiber Optics

A full catalog of TIA specs is at http://www.tiaonline.org/


TIA Fiber Optic Test Procedures (FOTPs)
(These are commonly known as "FOTPs" but are officially called "TIA-455-x, e.g. TIA-455-34 is FOTP-34. As they change continually, this list should be considered for reference purposes only - see the TIA for a catalog of the latest versions.)
FOTP-1 - Cable Flexing for Fiber Optic Interconnecting Devices (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455- 1-B-98)
FOTP-2 - Impact Test Measurements for Fiber Optic Devices (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-2-C- 98)
FOTP-3 - Temperature Cycling Effects on Optical Fiber Units, Optical Cable and Other Passive Components
FOTP-4 - Fiber Optic Component Temperature Life Test
FOTP-5 - Humidity Test Procedure for Fiber Optic Components
FOTP-6 - Cable Retention Test Procedure for Fiber Optic Interconnecting Devices
FOTP-7 - Numerical Aperture of Step-Index Multimode Fibers
FOTP-8 - Measurement of Splice or Connector Loss and Reflectance Using an OTDR
FOTP-10 - Procedure for Measuring the Amount of Extractable Material in Coatings Applied to Optical Fibers (withdrawn April, 1996)
FOTP-11 - Vibration Test Procedure for Fiber Optic Components and Cables
FOTP-12 Fluid Immersion Test for Fiber Optic Components
FOTP-13 Visual and Mechanical Inspection of Fibers, Cables, Connectors, and Other Devices
FOTP-14 - Fiber Optic Shock Test (Specified Pulse)
FOTP-15 - Altitude/Immersion of Fiber Optic Components
FOTP-16 - Salt Spray (Corrosion) Test for Fiber Optic Components
FOTP-17 Maintenance Aging of Fiber Optic Connectors and Terminated Cable Assemblies
FOTP-18 Acceleration Testing for Components and Assemblies
FOTP-20 IEC 60793-1-46 Optical Fibres - Part 1-46: Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Monitoring of Changes in Optical Transmittance
FOTP-21 Mating Durability for Fiber Optic Interconnecting Devices
FOTP-22 Ambient Light Susceptibility of Components
FOTP-23 Air Leakage Testing for Fiber Optic Component Seals
FOTP-24 Water Peak Attenuation Measurement of Single-Mode Fibers
FOTP-25 - Repeated Impact Testing of Fiber Optic Cables and Cable Assemblies
FOTP-26 Crush Resistance of Fiber Optic Interconnecting Devices
FOTP-27 Fiber Diameter Measurements
FOTP-28 - Measuring Dynamic Strength and Fatigue Parameters of Optical Fibers by Tension
FOTP-29 Refractive Index Profile (Transverse Interference Method)
FOTP-30 - Frequency Domain Measurement of Multimode Optical Fiber Information Transmission Capacity (withdrawn May, 2003, obsolete)
FOTP-31 - Proof Testing Optical Fibers by Tension (2004) (R 2005)
FOTP-32 - Fiber Optic Circuit Discontinuities
FOTP-33 Optical Fiber Cable Tensile Loading and Bending Test
FOTP-34 Interconnection Device Insertion Loss Test
FOTP-35 Fiber Optic Component Dust (Fine Sand) Test
FOTP-36 Twist Test for Connecting Devices
FOTP-37 - Low or High Temperature Bend Test for Fiber Optic Cable (ANSI/TIA/EIA- 455-37-A-93) (R2000) (R 2005)
FOTP-39 - Fiber Optic Cable Water Wicking Test (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-39B-99) (R 2005)
FOTP-40 Fluid Immersion, Cables
FOTP-41 Compressive Loading Resistance of Fiber Optic Cables
FOTP-42 Optical Crosstalk in Components
FOTP-43 Output Near Field Radiation Pattern Measurement of Optical Waveguide Fibers
FOTP-44 Refractive Index Profile (Refracted Ray Method)
FOTP-45 Microscopic Method for Measuring Fiber Geometry of Optical Waveguide Fibers
FOTP-46 Spectral Attenuation Measurement (Long Length Graded Index Optical Fibers)
FOTP-47 Output Far Field Radiation Pattern Measurement
FOTP-48 - Measurement of Optical Fiber Cladding Diameter Using Laser-Based Instruments (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-48B-90) (R2000) (R 2005)
FOTP-49 Measurement for Gamma Irradiation Effects on Optical Fiber and Cables
FOTP-50 Light Launch Conditions for Long- Length Graded-Index Optical Fiber Spectral Attenuation
FOTP-50 Light Launch Conditions of Long- Length Graded-Index Optical Fiber Spectral Attenuation Measurements
FOTP-51 Pulse Distortion Measurement of Multimode Glass Optical Fiber Information Capacity
FOTP-53 Attenuation by Substitution Measurement for Multimode Graded-Index Optical Fibers of Fiber Assemblies Used in Long Length Communications Systems
FOTP-54 Mode Scrambler Requirements for Overfilled Launching Conditions to Multimode Fibers (
obsolete)
FOTP-55 - Methods for Measuring the Coating Geometry of Optical Fibers (withdrawn July, 2000)
FOTP-56 - Test Method for Evaluating Fungus Resistance of Optical Waveguide Fiber
FOTP-56 - Test Method for Evaluating Fungus Resistance of Optical Fiber and Cable (2004) (R 2005)
FOTP-57 - Preparation and Examination of Optical Fiber Endface for Testing Purposes
FOTP-58 Core Diameter Measurements (Graded Index Fibers)
FOTP-59 Measurement of Fiber Point Defects Using an OTDR
FOTP-60 - Measurement of Fiber or Cable Length Using an OTDR (superceded by TIA- 455-133-A)
FOTP-61 - Method for Measuring the Effects of Nuclear Thermal Blast on Optical Waveguide FIber
FOTP-61 Measurement of Fiber or Cable Attenuation Using an OTDR
FOTP-62 IEC 60793-1-43 Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Numerical Aperture
FOTP-62 IEC 60793-1-47 Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Macrobending Loss
FOTP-63 Torsion Test for Optical Fiber
FOTP-64 Procedures for Measuring Radiation-Induced Attenuation in Optical Fibers and Optical Cables
FOTP-65 Flexure Test for Optical Fiber
FOTP-66 Test Method for Measuring Relative Abrasion Resistance
FOTP-67 - Procedure for Assessing High Temperature Exposure Effects on Optical Characteristics of Optical Fibers
FOTP-67 IEC 60793-1-51 Optical Fibres - Part 1-51: Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Dry Heat
FOTP-68 Optical Fiber Microbend Test Procedure
FOTP-69 - Test Procedure for Evaluating the Effect of Minimum and Maximum Exposure Temperature on the Optical Performance of Optical Fibers (ANSI/EIA/TIA-455-69A-91) (R2000)
FOTP-69 Test Procedure for Evaluating the Effect of Minimum and Maximum Exposure Temperatures on the Optical Performance of Optical Fibers
FOTP-70 - Procedure for Assessing High Temperature Exposure Effects on Mechanical Characteristics of Optical Fibers (superceded by ANSI/TIA-455-67-A)
FOTP-71 - Procedure to Measure Temperature-Shock Effects on Fiber Optic Components (ANSI/EIA/TIA-455-71-A-99)
FOTP-72 Procedure for Assessing Temperature and Humidity Cycling Exposure Effects on Optical Characteristics of Optical Fibers
FOTP-73 Procedure for Assessing Temperature and Humidity Cycling Exposure Effects on Mechanical Characteristics of Optical Fibers
FOTP-74 IEC 60793-1-53 Optical Fibres - Part 1-53: Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Water Immersion
FOTP-75 Fluid Immersion Aging Procedure for Optical Fiber Mechanical Properties
FOTP-76 - Method of Measuring Dynamic Fatigue of Optical Fibers by Tension (withdrawn July, 2000)
FOTP-77 - Procedures to Qualify a Higher- Order Mode Filter for Measurements on Single-Mode Fiber (withdrawn May, 2003)
FOTP-78 IEC 60793-1-40 Optical Fibres - Part 1-40: Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Attenuation
OTDR (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-8-2000)
FOTP-80 IEC 60793-1-44 Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Cut-off Wavelength
FOTP-81 - Compound Flow (Drip) Test for Filled Fiber Optic Cable (ANSI/EIA/TIA- 455-81B-91) (R2000)
FOTP-82 - Fluid Penetration Test for Fluid-Blocked Fiber Optic Cable (1991)
FOTP-83 Cable to Interconnecting Device Axial Compressive Loading
FOTP-84 Jacket Self-Adhesion (Blocking) Test for Cables
FOTP-85 Fiber Optic Cable Twist Test
FOTP-86 Fiber Optic Cable Jacket Shrinkage
FOT'P-87 Fiber Optic Cable Knot Test
FOTP-88 Fiber Optic Cable Bend Test
FOTP-89 Fiber Optic Cable Jacket Elongation and Tensile Strength Test
FOTP-91 Fiber Optic Cable Twist-Bend Test
FOTP-92 - Optical Fiber Cladding Diameter by Frizeau Interferometry (superceded by TIA-455-176-A)
FOTP-93 - Cladding Diameter by Non- Contacting Michelson Interferometry (withdrawn July, 2000)
FOTP-94 Fiber Optic Cable Stuffing Tubing Compression
FOTP-95 - Absolute Optical Power Test for Optical Fibers and Cables (ANSI/TIA/EIA- 455-95-A-2000) (R 2005)
FOTP-96 Fiber Optic Cable Long-Term Storage Temperature Test for Extreme Environments
FOTP-98 Fiber Optic Cable External Freezing Test
FOTP-99 Gas Flame Test for Special Purpose Cable
FOTP- I00 Gas Leakage Test for Gas Blocked Cable
FOTP- I01 Accelerated Oxygen Test
FOTP-102 Water Pressure Cycling
FOTP-104 Fiber Optic Cable Cyclic Flexing Test
FOTP-106 - Procedure for Measuring Near- Infrared Absorbance Coating Material (withdrawn September, 2002)
FOTP-107 – Determination of Component Reflectance or Link/System Return Loss Using a Loss Test Set (2004)
FOTP-111 IEC 60793-1-34 Optical Fibres - Part 1-34: Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Fibre Curl
FOTP-115 Spectral Attenuation Measurement of Step-Index Multimode Optical Fibers
FOTP-119 - Coating Geometry Measurement of Optical Fiber by Gray-Scale Analysis (withdrawn July, 2000)
FOTP-120 - Modeling Spectral Attenuation on Optical Fiber (superceded by TIA-455- 78-B)
FOTP-122 Polarization Mode Dispersion Measurement for Single Mode Optical Fibers by Stokes Parameter Evaluation
FOTP-123 - Measurement of Optical Fiber Ribbon Dimensions (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-123- 2000) (R 2005)
FOTP-124 - Polarization-Mode Dispersion Measurement for Single-Mode Optical Fibers by Interferometry Method (obsolete)
FOTP-126 - Spectral Characterization of LEDs (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-126-2000)
FOTP-127, Spectral Characterization of Laser Diodes
FOTP-130 - Elevated Temperature Life Test for Laser Diodes (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-130- 2001)
FOTP-131 - Measurement of Optical Fiber Ribbon Residual Twist (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455- 131-97)
FOTP-132 - Measurement of the Effective Area of Single-Mode Optical Fiber (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-132-2001)
FOTP-133-A IEC 60793-1-22 Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Length Measurement
FOTP-141 - Twist Test for Optical Fiber Ribbons (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-141-1999) (R 2005)
FOTP-157 - Measurement of Polarization Dependent (PDL) of Single-mode Fiber Optic Components (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-157-1995) (R2000)
FOTP-158 Measurement of Breakaway Frictional Face in Fiber Optic Connector Alignment Sleeves
FOTP-160 IEC 60793-1-50 Optical Fibres - Part 1-50: Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Damp Heat (Steady State)
FOTP-161 - Procedure for Assessing Temperature and Humidity Exposure Effects on Mechanical Characteristics of Optical Fibers (superceded by ANSI/TIA-455-160-A)
FOTP-162 Optical Fiber Cable Temperature-Humidity Cycling
FOTP-164 Measurement of Mode Field Diameter by Far-Field Scanning (Single-mode)
FOTP-165 - Single-Mode Fiber Diameter by Near-Field Scanning Technique (withdrawn July, 2000)
FOTP-166 Transverse Offset Method
FOTP-167 - Mode Field Diameter Measurement - Variable Aperture Method in Far-Field (withdrawn September, 2002)
FOTP-168 - Chromatic DIspersion Measurement of Multimode Graded-Index and Single-mode Optical FIbers by SPectral Group Delay Measurement in the Time Domain (superceded by TIA-175-B)
FOTP-169 - Chromatic Dispersion Measurement of SIngle-mode Optical Fibers by the Phase-shift Method (superceded by TIA-455-175-B)
FOTP-170 Cable Cutoff Wavelength of Single-mode Fiber by Transmitted Power
FOTP-171 - Attenuation by Substitution Measurement for Short-Length Multimode Graded-Index and Single-Mode Optical Fiber Cable Assemblies (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-171-A- 2001)
FOTP-172 Flame Resistance of Firewall Connector
FOTP-173 Coating Geometry Measurement of Optical Fiber, Side-View Method
FOTP-174 Mode Field Diameter of Single-mode Fiber by Knife-Edge Scanning in Far-Field
FOTP-175 IEC 60793-1-42 Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Chromatic Dispersion
FOTP-176-A IEC 60793-1-20 Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Fibre Geometry
FOTP- 177 Numerical Aperture Measurement of Graded-Index Fiber
FOTP-178 IEC 60793-1-32 Optical Fibres - Part1-32: Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Coating Strippability
FOTP- 179 Inspection of Cleaved Fiber End Faces by Interferometry
FOTP-180 - Measurement of the Optical Transfer Coefficients of a Passive Branching Device (Coupler)
FOTP-181 - Lightning Damage Susceptibility Test for Fiber Optic Cables with Metallic Components (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-181-92) (R2001)
FOTP-183 - Hydrogen Effects on Optical Fiber Cable (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-183-2000) (R 2005)
FOTP-184 - Coupling Proof Overload Test for Fiber Optic Interconnecting Devices (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-184-91) (R95) (R99)
FOTP-185 - Strength of Coupling Mechanism for Fiber Optic Interconnecting Devices (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-185-91) (R95) (R99)
FOTP-186 - Gauge Retention Force Measurement for Fiber Optic Components (2004)
FOTP-187 - Engagement and Separation Force Measurement of Fiber Optic Connector Sets (2004)
FOTP-188 Low-Temperature Testing for Components
FOTP-189 Ozone Exposure Test for Fiber Optic Components
FOTP-190 Low Air Pressure (High Altitude) Test for Components
FOTP-191 IEC 60793-1-45 Optical Fibres - Part 1-45: Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Mode Field Diameter
FOTP-193 - Polarization Crosstalk Method For Polarization Maintaining Optical Fiber And Components
FOTP-194 - Measurement of Fiber Pushback in Optical Connectors (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455- 194-99)
FOTP-195 IEC 60793-1-21 Optical Fibres - Part 1-21: Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Coating Geometry
FOTP-196 - Guideline for Polarization-Mode Meaurement in Single-Mode Fiber Optic Components and Devices (ANSI/TIAEIA-455- 196-99)
FOTP-197 - Differential Group Delay Measurement of Single-mode Components and Devices by the Differential Phase Shift Method (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-197-2000)
FOTP-198 Measurement of Polarization Sensitivity of Single-Mode Fiber Optic Components by Matrix Calculation Method
FOTP-199 In-line Polarization Crosstalk Measurement Method for Polarization - Maintaining Optical Fibers Components and Systems
FOTP-200 - Insertion Loss of Connectorized Polarization-Maintaining Fiber or Polarizing Fiber Pigtailed Devices and Cable Assemblies (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-200- 2001)
FOTP-201 - Return Loss of Commercial Polarization - Maintaining Fiber or Polarizing Fiber Pigtailed Devices and Cable Assemblies (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-201- 2001)
FOTP-203 - Launched Power Distribution Measurement Procedure for Graded-Index Multimode Fiber Transmitters (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-203-2001)
FOTP-204 - Measurement of Bandwidth on Multimode Fiber (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-204- 2000)
FOTP-206 - IEC 61290-1-1 Optical Fibre Amplifiers - Basic Specification Part 1-1: Test Methods for Gain Parameters - Optical Spectrum Analyzer (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-206- 2000)
FOTP-207 - IEC 61290-1-2 Optical Fibre Amplifiers - Basic Specification Part 102: Test Methods for Gain Parameters - Electrical Spectrum Analyzer (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-207-2000)
FOTP-208 - IEC 61290-1-3 Optical Fibre Amplifiers - Basic Specification Part 1-3: Test Methods for Gain Parameters - Optical Power Meter (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-208-2000)
FOTP-209 - IEC 61290-2-1 Optical Fibre Amplifiers - Basic Specification Part 2-1: Test Methods for Optical Power Parameters - Optical Spectrum Analyzer (ANSI/TIA/EIA- 455-209-2000)
FOTP-210 - IEC 61290-2-2 Optical Fibre Amplifiers - Basic Specification Part 2-2: Test Methods for Optical Power Parameters - Electrical Spectrum Analyzer (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-210-2000)
FOTP-211 - IEC 61290-2-3 Optical Fibre Amplifiers - Basic Specification Part 2-3: Test Methods for Optical Power Parameters - Optical Power Meter (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455- 211-2000)
FOTP-212 - IEC 61290-6-1 Optical Fibre Amplifiers - Basic Specification Part 6-1: Test Methods for Pump Leakage Parameters - Optical Demultiplexer (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455- 212-2000)
FOTP-213 - IEC 61290-7-1: Optical Fibre Amplifiers - Basic Specification Part 7-1: Test Methods for Out-of-Band Insertion Losses - Filtered Optical Power Meter (ANSI/TIA/EIA-455-213-2000)
FOTP-214 - IEC 61290-1 Optical Fibre Amplifiers - Part 1: Generic Specification (ANSI TIA/EIA-455-214-2000)
FOTP-218 Measurement of Endface Geometry of Optical Connectors
FOTP-219 Multifiber Ferrule Endface Geometry Measurement
FOTP-220 - Differential Mode Delay Measurement of Multimode Fiber in the Time Domain (superceded by TIA-455-220-A)
FOTP-220 Measurement of Minimum Modal Bandwidth of Multimode Fiber Using Differential Mode Delay
FOTP-221 IEC 61290 - 5-1 Optical Fibre Amplifiers - Basic Specification - Part 5- 1: Test Method for Reflectance Parameters - Optical Spectrum Analyzer
FOTP-222 IEC 61290-3 - Optical Fibre Amplifiers - Basic Specification - Part 3: Test Methods for Noise Figure Parameters
FOTP-223 IEC 61291-2 - Optical Fibre Amplifiers - Part 2: Digital Applications - Performance Specification Template
FOTP-224 IEC 61744 Calibration of Fibre Optic Chromatic Dispersion Test Sets
FOTP-225 IEC 61745 End-Face Image Analysis Procedure for the Calibration of Optical Fibre Geometry Test Sets
FOTP-225 IEC 61745, Ed. 1.0 (1998-08): End Face Image Analysis Procedure for the Calibration of Optical Fibre Geometry Test Sets
FOTP-226 IEC 61746 Calibration of Optical Time-Domain Reflectometers (OTDR's)
FOTP-227 IEC 61300-3-24 Fibre Optic Interconnecting Devices and Passive Components - Basic Test and Measurement Procedures - Part 3-24: Examination and Measurements - Keying Accuracy of Optical Connectors for Polarization Maintaining Fibre
FOTP-228 Relative Group Delay and Chromatic Dispersion Measurement of Single-Mode Components and Devices by the Phase Shift Method
FOTP-229 - Optical Power Characterization
FOTP-231 IEC 61315 Calibration of Fibre-Optic Power Meters
FOTP-234 IEC 60793-1-52 Optical Fibres - Part 1-52: Measurement Methods and Test Procedures - Change of Temperature
FOTP-239 - Fiber Optic Splice Loss Measurement Methods
Optical Fiber System Test Procedures (OFSTPs)
OFSTP-2 - Effective Transmitter Output Power Coupled into Single-Mode Fiber Optic Cable
OFSTP-3 - Fiber Optic Terminal Equipment Receiver Sensitivity and Maximum Receiver Input
OFSTP-4 - Optical Eye Pattern Measurement Procedure
OFSTP-7 - Measurement of Optical Power Loss of Installed Single-Mode Fiber Cable Plant (2003)
OFSTP-11 Measurement Of Single-Reflection Power Penalty For Fiber Optic Terminal Equipment
OFSTP-15 Jitter Tolerance Measurement
OFSTP-14 - IEC-61280-4-1(2011) (This ISO/IEC document is written for fast MM networks and may not be useful for other MM networks, so the prior version of OFSTP-14 is still considered valid), Optical Power Loss Measurement of Installed Multimode Fiber Cable Plant (1998) (r2003)
OFSTP-16 Jitter Transfer Function Measurement
OFSTP-17 Output Jitter Measurement
OFSTP-18 Systematic Jitter Generation Measurement
OFSTP-19 - Optical Signal-to-Noise Ratio Measurement Procedures for Dense Wavelength-Division Multiplexed Systems (ANSI/TIA/EIA-526-19-2000)
OFSTP-27 Procedure For System Level Temperature Cycle Endurance Test
OFSTP-28 IEC-61290-1-2: Basic Spec For Optical Fiber Amplifiers Test Methods Part 1: Test Methods For Gain Parameters - Sect. 2: Electrical Spectrum Analyzer Test Method
OFSTP-29 IEC-61290-1-3: Basic Spec For Optical Fiber Amplifiers Test Methods Part 1: Test Methods For Gain Parameters - Sect. 3: Optical Power Meter Test Method
OFSTP-30 IEC-61290-2-1: Basic Specification For Optical Fibre Amplifiers Test Methods - Part 2: Test Methods For Spectral Power Parameters - Section 2 - Optical Spectrum Analyzer Test Method

EIA-458-B Standard Optical Fiber Material Classes and Preferred Sizes

TIA-472 General Specification for Fiber Optic Cable
TIA-472A Sectional Specification for Fiber Optic Communication Cables for Outside Aerial Use
TIA-472B Sectional Specification for Fiber Optic Communication Cables for Underground and Buried Use
TIA-472C Sectional Specification for Fiber Optic Communication Cables for Indoor Use
TIA-472D Sectional Specification for Fiber Optic Communication Cables for Outside Telephone Plant UseTIA-4750000-B Generic Specification for Fiber Optic Connectors
TIA-475COOO Sectional Specification for Type FSMA Connectors
TIA-475CAOO Blank Detail Specification for Optical Fiber and Cable Type FSMA, Environmental Category I EIA-475CBOO Blank Detail Specification Connector Set for Optical Fiber and Cables Type FSMA, Environmental Category 11
TIA-475CCOO Blank Detail Specification Connector Set for Optical Fiber and Cables Type FSMA, Environmental Category III
TIA-475EOOO Sectional Specification for Fiber Optic Connectors Type BFOC/2.5
TIA-475EAOO Blank Detail Specification for Connector Set for Optical Fiber and Cables, Type BFOC/2.5, Environmental Category I
TIA-475EBOO Blank Detail Specification for Connector Set for Optical Fiber and Cables, Type BFOC/2.5, Environmental Category 11
TIA-475ECOO Blank Detail Specification for Connector Set for Optical Fiber and Cables, Type BFOC/2.5, Environmental Category III

TIA TIA-4920000-B EN-Generic Specification for Optical Fibers
TIA TIA-492A000-A EN-Sectional Specification for Class Ia Graded-Index Multimode Optical Fibers
TIA TIA-492AA00-A EN-Blank Detail Specification for Class Ia Graded-Index Multimode Optical Fibers
TIA TIA-492AAAA-B EN-Detail Specification for 62.5-µm Core Diameter/125-µm Cladding Diameter Class Ia Graded-Index Multimode Optical Fibers
TIA TIA-492AAAB-A EN-Detail Specification for 50-µm Core Diameter/125-µm Cladding Diameter Class Ia Graded-Index Multimode Optical Fibers
TIA TIA-492AAAC-B EN-Detail Specification for 850-nm Laser- Optimized 50-µm Core Diameter/125-µm Cladding Diameter Class Ia Graded-Index Multimode Optical Fibers
TIA TIA-492AAAD EN-Detail Specification for 850-nm Laser- Optimized 50-µm Core Diameter/125-µm Cladding Diameter Class la Graded-Index Multimode Optical Fibers Suitable for Manufacturing OM4 Cabled Optical Fiber
TIA TIA-492C000 EN-Sectional Specification for Class IVa Dispersion-Unshifed Single-Mode Optical Fibers
TIA TIA-492CA00 EN-Blank Detail Specification for Class IVa Dispersion-Unshifted Single Mode Optical Fibers
TIA TIA-492CAAA EN-Detail Specification for Class IVa Dispersion-Unshifted Single-Mode Optical Fibers
TIA TIA-492CAAB EN-Detail Specification for Class IVa Dispersion-Unshifted Single-Mode Optical Fibers with Low Water Peak
TIA TIA-492E000 EN-Sectional Specification for Class IVd Nonzero-Dispersion Single-Mode Optical Fibers for the 1550 nm Window
TIA TIA-492EA00 EN-Blank Detail Specification for Class IVd Nonzero-Dispersion Single-Mode Optical Fiber for the 1550 nm Window

(Video) What Is The FOA?

TIA-5390000 Generic Specification for Field Portable Polishing Device for Preparation Optical Fiber
TIA-5460000 Generic Specification for a Field Portable Optical Inspection Device, Combined EIA-NECQ Specification
TIA-546A000 Sectional Specification for a Field Portable Optical Microscope for Inspection of Optical Waveguide and Related Devices
TIA-587 Fiber Optic Graphic Symbols
TIA-590 Standard for Physical Location and Protection of Below-Ground Fiber Optic Cable Plant
TIA-598 Color Coding of Fiber Optic Cables

IEC Standards
IEC/ISO Standards can be searched at http://webstore.ansi.org/RecordDetail.aspx?sku=IEC+Catalog
Standard Number

IEC 60793 Optical fibers
IEC 60794 Optical fiber cables
IEC 60869 Fiber optic attenuators
IEC 60874 Connectors
IEC 60875 Fiber optic branching devices
IEC 60876 Fiber optic spatial switches
IEC 61073 Splices for optical fibers and cables
IEC 61202 Fiber optic isolators
IEC 61274 Fiber optic adaptors
IEC 61280 Fiber optic communication subsystem basic test procedures
IEC 61281 Fiber optic communication subsystems
IEC 61282 Fiber optic communication system design guides
IEC 61290 Optical amplifier test methods
IEC 61291 Optical amplifiers
IEC 61292 TRs Optical amplifiers technical reports
IEC 61300 Test and measurement
IEC 61313 Fiber optic passive components
IEC 61314 Fiber optic fan-outs
IEC 61315 Calibration of fibre-optic power meters
IEC 61751 Laser modules used for telecommunication
IEC 61753 Fiber optic interconnecting devices and passive components performance standard
IEC 61754 Fiber optic connector interfaces
IEC 61755 Fiber optic connector optical interface
IEC 61756 Fiber management system
IEC 61757 Fiber optic sensors
IEC 61977 Fiber optic filters
IEC 61978 Fiber optic passive dispersion compensators
IEC 62005 Reliability
IEC 62007 Semiconductor optoelectronic devices
IEC 62074 Fiber optic WDM devices
IEC 62077 Fiber optic circulators
IEC 62099 Fiber optic wavelength switches
IEC 62134 Fiber optic enclosures
IEC 62148 Fiber optic active components and devices – Package and interface standards
IEC 62149 Fiber optic active components and devices – Performance standards
IEC 62150 Fiber optic active components and devices – Test and measurement procedures
IEC 62343 Dynamic modules

Premises Cabling Standards

TIA-568 is only part of the structured cabling standards. It's a multi-part standard itself and there are several more standards cover other areas of cabling:
EIA/TIA 568: The main standard document for structured cabling, usually referred to as simply "568." Always check with manufacturers for the latest revisions.
EIA/TIA 569: Covers pathways and spaces. Defines the "telecom closet" or telecom room as it is now called.
EIA/TIA 570: Residential cabling.
EIA/TIA 606: Cabling system administration (documentation)
EIA/TIA 607: Grounding and bonding
International Standards
The international equivalent of EIA/TIA 568 is ISO/IEC 11801. The standards are written similarly to what has been done by TR 42. Here are their relevant standards:
ISO/IEC 11801 - Cabling for customer premises - structured cabling similar to TIA 568
ISO/IEC 14763-1 - Administration, documentation - similar to TIA 606
ISO/IEC 14763-2 - Planning and Installation - similar to TIA 569
ISO/IEC 14763-3 - Testing optical fibre cabling - included in TIA 568
IEC 61935-1 - Testing copper cabling - included in TIA 568

Electrical Codes For Cabling
The most important "standards" and the only ones that are legally mandatory are the local building and electrical codes, such as the US National Electrical Code (NEC.) The NEC is developed by the National Fire Protection Assn. and covers all aspects of electrical and fire safety. Article 800 of the NEC covers communication circuits, such as telephone systems and outside wiring for fire and burglar alarm systems and Article 770 covers fiber optics. All premises cabling must comply with building and electrical codes applicable in your area. Below is a listing of current NEC articles covering premises cabling.

NEC Articles Covering Cabling (US)

(Video) Lecture 61 Fiber Optic Color Codes

Chapter Article Topic
6 640 Sound Systems
7 725 Remote-Control, Signaling and Power-Limited Circuits
7 760 Fire Alarm Signaling Systems
7 770 Optical Fiber Cables and Raceways
7 780 "Smart House" Wiring
8 800 Telecommunications Circuits (Telephone and LAN)
8 810 Radio and TV Equipment
8 820 CATV Systems
8 830 Network-Powered Broadband Systems
Note: This list was assembled from a number of sources with various dates - we doubt it is complete because they change all the time.A full catalog of TIA specs is at http://www.tiaonline.org/
Standards for premises cabling are described in the FOA Reference Guide to Premises Cabling.

Return to The FOA Home Page

(C)1999-2021, The Fiber Optic Association, Inc.

More detailed information can be found on the FOA Online Reference Guide.
Return To The FOA Home Page

FAQs

What is the standard of fiber optic cable? ›

This fiber has a Mode Field Diameter (MFD) in the range 8.6~9.5µm, a maximum cable cutoff wavelength of 1260nm and Zero Dispersion Window (ZDW) in the range of 1300~1324nm. This fiber typically has a chromatic dispersion of 17 ps/nm-km at 1550nm (this can be excessive for dispersion sensitive applications).

Which standards are widely used when referencing fiber optic installations? ›

The multimode standard is IEC 61280-4-1, Fibre-Optic Communications Subsystem Test Procedures – Part 4-1: Installed Cable Plant – Multimode Attenuation Measurement. This standard is referenced by the ISO/IEC test standard for the multimode launch condition, encircled flux.

What are the 4 main components in a fiber optic link? ›

A fiber optic cable consists of five main components: core, cladding, coating, strengthening fibers, and cable jacket.

How many different fibers does the standard fiber color codes accounts for? ›

Tubes containing more than 12 fibers will use binder tape to separate fibers into groups. Ribbon cables follow this color sequence also. For splicing, like color fibers are generally spliced to ensure continuity of color codes throughout a cable run.
...
How Color Codes Are Used In Fiber Optics.
Fiber NumberColor
12Aqua
11 more rows

What are the 2 types of fiber optic cable? ›

There are two types of fibre optic cables – multimode and single-mode. Multimode optical fibre or OFC is capable of carrying multiple light rays (modes) at the same time as it has varying optical properties at the core. Single-mode fibre has a much smaller core size (9 microns).

What are the 3 basic components of an optic fiber system? ›

The three basic elements of a fiber optic cable are the core, the cladding and the coating.

What are the 3 categories of structured cabling standards? ›

Structured cabling components include twisted pair and optical cabling, patch panels and patch cables.

What are some of the main structured cabling standards? ›

The ANSI/ITA-568 and ISO/IEC 11801 are the two names you need to know because these two are the main structured cabling standards.

What is Tier 2 testing in fiber? ›

Tier 2 fiber optic testing is used to pinpoint root-cause locations and the amount of loss and optical return loss (ORL) from each problem contributor and is performed selectively in addition to Tier 1 testing under specific conditions and situations.

What are the three types of optical fibers? ›

There are basically three types of optical fiber: single mode, multimode graded index, and multimode step-index. They are characterized by the way light travels down the fiber and depend on both the wavelength of the light and the mechanical geometry of the fiber.

How many types of fiber optics are there? ›

Types of optical fiber

There are two primary types of fiber, each of which has a different application. These are multimode (MM) fiber, which has a large core and allows for multiple paths through the fiber, and single-mode (SM) fiber, which has only one path, through a much smaller core.

What are the two types of fiber optics and their specification and their parts? ›

There are two primary types of fibre – multimode and singlemode. Multimode fibre can carry multiple light rays (modes) at the same time by having varying optical properties at the core; essentially light travelling the shortest path (down the middle) travels the slowest.

What are the 12 colors of fiber? ›

***The optical fiber color code from fiber number 1 to 12: blue, orange, green, brown, slate, white, red, black, yellow, violet, rose, aqua.

What color is 50 micron fiber? ›

OM2 is 50 micron fiber, which provides a much better modal bandwidth than OM1, 500 MHz.km @ 850 nm. The industry standard color for OM2 is grey.

How do you remember fiber optic color codes? ›

Struggling to remember which color goes where? There are a few different ways that you can remember fiber color code: Use a mnemonic device – for example, “Blue is for business, orange is for outside plant, green is for gigabit Ethernet, brown is for building to building.”

What is 6 strand fiber optic cable? ›

6 FIBER CABLE - MULTI MODE 62.5/125

It is composed of 6 multimode fibers (62.5 micron core) inside an Aramid yarn wrapped in a black PVC outer jacket. Multimode fiber is optimized to work with fiber optic equipment using light wave lengths of 850nm (nanometers) or 1300nm. The cladding diameter is 125 microns.

What is an OTDR machine? ›

Network Cabling Contractors and Installers. An Optical Time Domain Reflectometer (OTDR) is a device that tests the integrity of a fiber cable and is used for the building, certifying, maintaining, and troubleshooting fiber optic systems.

Which are the five main parts of optical fibre? ›

The cladding of the Optical fibre is made up of Glass / Plastic. Buffer: The Buffer is the moisture substance that is coated over the surface of the cladding. They are mainly used to provide flexibility to the optical fibre's core and cladding. Jacket: The jacket is the outer surface of the optical fibre.

What is minimum number of layers in an optical fiber? ›

The basic optical fiber consists of two concentric layers—the inner core and the outer cladding, which has a refractive index lower than the core.

What are the basic principles of fiber optic communication? ›

The basic components are light signal transmitter, the optical fiber, and the photo detecting receiver. The additional elements such as fiber and cable splicers and connectors, regenerators, beam splitters, and optical amplifiers are employed to improve the performance of the communication system.

What is the EIA TIA 568 standard? ›

TIA/EIA-568 is a set of telecommunications standards from the Telecommunications Industry Association. This Standard contains requirements that facilitate the planning and installation of a structured cabling system in a commercial building environment.

What are cable standards? ›

IEC Cable Standards
IEC 60092Electrical installation in ships
IEC 60228Conductors of insulated cables
IEC 60331Tests for electrical cables under fire conditions
IEC 60332Tests for electrical and optical fibre cables under fire conditions
IEC 60502Power cables with extruded insulation and their accessories – 1kV to 30kV
6 more rows

What is a TIA standard? ›

The Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) standards apply to a wide variety of telecommunications products. These include cellular systems, fiber optics, modems, satellite communication and VOIP. Utilizing these documents help you: Ensure quality performance and connectivity. Support technological innovation.

What is the importance of the EIA TIA standards? ›

TIA/EIA Engineering Standards and Publications are designed to serve the public interest through eliminating misunderstandings between manufacturers and purchasers, facilitating interchangeability and improvement of products, and assisting the purchaser in selecting and obtaining with minimum delay the proper product ...

Which areas does the TIA standards cover? ›

TIA operates nine engineering committees that develop guidelines for private radio equipment, cellular towers, VOIP equipment, structured cabling, satellites, telephone terminal equipment, accessibility, data centers, mobile device communications, vehicular telematics, smart device communications, and smart utility ...

What is a Tier 1 test? ›

Tier 1 is traditionally a simple test for attenuation, continuity, and polarity. Most times this testing can be achieved with a basic power meter and light source set, also known at an optical loss test set (OLTS).

What is the difference between OTDR and OLTS? ›

Unlike the OLTS that measures the amount of light coming out of the far end, the OTDR measures the amount of light reflected back to the source. By computing the difference between the amount of reflection at the near and far ends, the OTDR can infer the amount of loss in the fiber.

What is the correct method for Fibre testing? ›

Optical Loss Measurement

Some may ask what the 'correct method for fiber testing is'. The most accurate way for fiber testers to measure the overall optical loss in a fiber is to inject a known level of light in one end and measure the level of light at the other end, using an OLTS.

What is V number in optical fiber? ›

The V number determines the fraction of the optical power in a certain mode which is confined to the fiber core. For single-mode fibers, that fraction is low for low V values (e.g. below 1), and reaches ≈ 90% near the single-mode cut-off at V ≈ 2.405.

What are the main characteristics of optical fiber? ›

Benefits and Characteristics of Fiber Optic Cable
  • Extremely high throughput.
  • Very high resistance to noise.
  • Excellent security.
  • Ability to carry signals for much longer distances before requiring repeaters than copper cable.
  • Industry standard for high-speed networking.
8 Apr 2014

How thick is fibre optic cable? ›

Fiber-optic cabling consists of a signal-carrying glass core of 5 to 100 microns in diameter (a sheet of paper is about 25 microns thick and a human hair about 75 microns thick), surrounded by a layer of pure silica called cladding, which prevents light from escaping.

What is the size of fiber? ›

Fiber types are identified by the diameters of the core and cladding, expressed in microns. Multimode fiber is available in two sizes, 62.5 or 50 microns, and four classifications: OM1 (62.5/125 µm), OM2, OM3, OM4 (50/125 µm). The diameter of a single mode core is 9µm.

What are the types of fibers? ›

There are 2 different types of fiber -- soluble and insoluble.

What is OS1 and OS2 fiber? ›

OS1 fiber optic cable is designed for premises where the maximum distance is 2,000 metres with transmission speeds of 1 to 10 gigabit Ethernet. OS2 fiber optic cable is designed for larger transmission distances in the range of 5,000 to 10,000 metres with similar transmission speed of 1 to 10 gigabit Ethernet.

Which type of fiber optic cable is the most widely used? ›

A standard multimode fiber-optic cable (the most common brand of fiber-optic cable) uses an optical fiber with a 62.5-micron core and 125-micron cladding diameter. This is commonly designated as 62.5/125 optical fibers.

What is figure 8 fiber optic cable? ›

Figure 8 Cables are Self -Supporting cable designed for aerial installation. The cable design provides easy and economical one -step installation and stable performance over a wide temperature range and is compatible with any telecommunication grade optical fibre.

What is 1000BASE LX? ›

1000BASE-LX is an optical fiber Gigabit Ethernet standard specified in IEEE 802.3 Clause 38 which uses a long wavelength laser (1,270–1,355 nm), and a maximum RMS spectral width of 4 nm. 1000BASE-LX is specified to work over a distance of up to 5 km over 10 μm single-mode fiber.

How many microns is single mode fiber? ›

Singlemode fiber has a core diameter of 8-10 microns, specified as "mode field diameter," the effective size of the core, and a cladding diameter of 125 microns.

What copper cable types are included in the TIA 568 structured cabling standards? ›

Traditional structured cabling (above) defined in TIA 568 and adopted by ISO/IEC 11801 includes UTP copper cabling and fiber optics, including centralized fiber optics.

Which fiber optic test instrument uses backscattered light for measurements? ›

Which fiber optic test instrument uses backscattered light for measurements? Rather than make a direct measurement of loss, the OTDR uses backscattered light from the fiber to indirectly measure loss of the fiber and any other events (connectors, splcies or bends).

What is SFP vs SFP +? ›

SFP and SFP+ transceivers are virtually identical in size and appearance. The primary difference is that SFP+ is an updated version that supports higher speeds up to 10Gbps. The difference in data rate also accounts for a difference in transmission distance—SFP typically has a longer transmission distance.

What is LX and SX fiber? ›

Types of Optical Fibers

1000BASE-LX single-mode SFP module will work with single-mode fiber in order to perform both transmission and reception of data. Whereas 1000BASE-SX multimode SFP transceiver will work with multimode fiber, which has a thicker core and allows higher speed at shorter distance.

What is the difference between LR and LX SFP? ›

Although LX SFP is specified to transfer data over a long distance of up to 5 km through single-mode fiber, it also supports multimode fiber system with a maximum reach distance of 550 m.
...
10GBASE-LR vs 1000BASE-LX: What's the Difference?
10GBASE-LR SFP1000BASE-LX SFP
Wavelength1310 nm1270-1355 nm
5 more rows
27 Apr 2018

What is OS1 and OS2 fiber? ›

OS1 fiber optic cable is designed for premises where the maximum distance is 2,000 metres with transmission speeds of 1 to 10 gigabit Ethernet. OS2 fiber optic cable is designed for larger transmission distances in the range of 5,000 to 10,000 metres with similar transmission speed of 1 to 10 gigabit Ethernet.

What is 50 micron fiber? ›

The smaller 50-micron core provides a higher 850-nm bandwidth, making it ideal for inter/intrabuilding connections. 50-micron cable features three times the bandwidth of standard 62.5-micron cable. At 850-nm, 50-micron cable is rated at 500 MHz/km over 500 meters versus 160 MHz/km for 62.5-micron cable over 220 meters.

How many types of optical fiber are there? ›

Types of optical fiber

There are two primary types of fiber, each of which has a different application. These are multimode (MM) fiber, which has a large core and allows for multiple paths through the fiber, and single-mode (SM) fiber, which has only one path, through a much smaller core.

What are the 3 categories of structured cabling standards? ›

Structured cabling components include twisted pair and optical cabling, patch panels and patch cables.

What is the TIA 568 standard? ›

TIA/EIA-568 is a set of telecommunications standards from the Telecommunications Industry Association. This Standard contains requirements that facilitate the planning and installation of a structured cabling system in a commercial building environment.

What is a TIA standard? ›

The Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) standards apply to a wide variety of telecommunications products. These include cellular systems, fiber optics, modems, satellite communication and VOIP. Utilizing these documents help you: Ensure quality performance and connectivity. Support technological innovation.

Which wavelength is recommended for OTDR testing? ›

Generally speaking, 1625 nm is the preferred wavelength for monitoring legacy 1310/1550-nm systems, largely due to laser cost. The 1650-nm wavelength is recommended for CWDM, DWDM, XGS-PON, and TWDM-PON systems where the traffic wavelengths extend into the L-Band.

What is the frequency limit of optical fiber? ›

Detailed Solution. 40 GHz is the frequency limit of an optical fiber. Optical fibers are transparent fibers and act as a light pipe to transmit light between its two ends.

What is pulse width in OTDR? ›

OTDR test pulse width wavelength: Normally, it's 850 nm on multimode fiber optic cable and 1,310 nm on single-mode—the shorter wavelength has more back-scatter, so the trace will be less noisy.

Videos

1. Fiber Optic Cabling Standards
(ProfessorJimPowers)
2. Lecture 55 The Mysterious dB of Fiber Optics
(thefoainc)
3. Optical Wavelength Laboratories KF7VMS 7V SM/MM Auto-Testing Fiber Optic Certification Test Kit
(Discount Low Voltage)
4. Free 2 Hour Fiber Optic Training
(Fiber Instrument Sales)
5. ETA Fiber Optics Certifications
(ETA International)
6. Understanding ITU-T Standards for Optical Fiber Cables
(Moutasim Mousaad)

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